From the Association of College & Research Libraries:
On August 1, 2012, members of the Library Copyright Alliance (LCA) (American Library Association, Association of College & Research Libraries, and the Association of Research Libraries), together with the Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF), filed a friend of the court brief in Authors Guild v. Google, Inc., a lawsuit in which authors allege that Google violated copyright by scanning books to create Google Book Search (GBS), a search tool similar to its Internet search engine. The LCA/EFF brief defends GBS as permissible under the doctrine of fair use, a flexible right that allows copying without payment or permission where the public benefit strongly outweighs the harm to individual rightsholders.
The LCA/EFF brief argues the following main points: that GBS is tremendously beneficial to the public, that this public benefit tilts the analysis firmly in favor of fair use, that a legislative “fix” is both unnecessary and unworkable, and that the Authors Guild should not be permitted to shut down GBS after encouraging public reliance on the tool for years.
Read the brief in its entirety here: PDF, 31 pages.